SCIENCE STUDY FINDS FARMED SALMON WITH 10
FOLD INCREASE IN PCBS AND OTHER TOXINS OVER THEIR WILD COUNTERPARTS:In the first comprehensive study comparing the amounts of toxins,
including PCBs [polychlorinated biphenyls], dioxin, toxaphene and dieldrin
found in salmon, scientists found farmed fish contained on average 10 times
more of these toxins than their wild counterparts. The results of the study,
"Global Assessment of Organic Contaminants in Farmed Salmon" was
published in the 9 January issue of Science (pp.226-229) (http://www.sciencemag.org), the journal of the American Association for the
Advancement of Science (AAAS). There were three earlier studies showing similar
results, including one by the Environmental Working Group (see Sublegals,/03;
/04), but these were criticized because of their small
sample size. This study tested approximately 700 farmed and wild salmon -
approximately 2 metric tons - collected from around the world. A copy of the Science
study is on the web at: http://www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/salmon_study.pdf.
9:01/01. AVOIDING FARMED
SALMON - MOVE OVER DAVID LETTERMAN, HERE'S SOMEONE'S ELSE'S LIST OF 10 REASONS
WHY; JIM HIGHTOWER ALSO WEIGHS IN: Bruce Sandison of the Scottish-based Salmon Farm Protest
Group (SFPG) has developed his own list of 10; in this instance, reasons for
avoiding aquacultured salmon. The list was developed by SFPG for its 20
December Christmas protest held in Edinburgh "to celebrate wild salmon and
to protest about the danger factory farmed salmon poses to wild fish
populations." Sandison said before buying salmon products in supermarkets,
"consumers would be well-advised to ask staff if it is wild or farmed
salmon, and what chemicals it contains. Better safe than sorry." Here are
his 10 reasons to boycott farmed salmon:
Sea lice -- factory salmon farms are often infested with
parasites and spread sea lice to wild salmon and sea trout.
Escapes -- a recent scientific paper published by the Royal
Society concludes that mass escapes from farms can lead to extinctions in
Wastes -- Salmon farms discharge untreated wastes directly
into pristine marine waters thereby using the sea as an open sewer.
Unsustainable -- far from saving wild fish, salmon farming is
a drain on depleted marine resources and is inherently unsustainable.
Listeria -- One in ten smoked salmon are contaminated with
listeria which can cause meningitis, blood poisoning and still births in
Unsanitary and filthy -- the US FDA [Food & Drug
Administration] have refused over 200 cases of Irish, Scottish, Chilean
and Norwegian salmon for being 'unsanitary' and 'filthy.'
Fatty -- Farmed salmon contains more fat than wild salmon
(up to ten times fattier in some cases)
Chemicals -- Factory farmed salmon are dependent upon a cocktail
of toxic chemicals to control diseases and parasites.
Artificial colorings -- farmed salmon contain
synthetic pink dyes such as Astaxanthin and Canthaxanthin.
Contaminants -- farmed salmon can contain DDT, chlordane and
dioxins and can be up to ten times more contaminated with PCBs
[polychlorinated biphenyls] than wild salmon.
Commentator Jim Hightower
has weighed in too, with a 1 January piece, "When Salmon Go Wrong,"
critical of current farming practices. "Few things that we eat are as good
or good for us as a nice piece of fresh, pink salmon pulled out of the cold,
pristine waters of our northern oceans and rivers. Or at least, that's the
image of this noble fish," said the former Texas Agriculture Commissioner.
"For wild salmon, the image is true -- but 80 percent of the salmon sold
in U.S. markets and restaurants today comes
from fish farms. More and more, these are corporate owned, industrialized
operations that jam tens of thousands of salmon together in ocean pens, much as
the infamous hog, poultry, and beef factories do on land. The toxics dumped in
these factory pens contaminate in the surrounding water, as does the enormous
amount of fish waste -- a single pen produces more waste than a small city, and
these outfits typically have 20 pens each. Then there's us. The factory salmon
grow huge, but they have twice the saturated fat of wild salmon and less of the
fatty acids that make salmon good for us. They also bring more toxic
contaminants to our tables, and -- get this -- they have to be artificially
colored! While wild salmon get naturally pink from their diet of shrimp and
krill, the factories feed their salmon a fishmeal that produces fast weight
gain, but leaves them gray or khaki in color. So petrochemicals are added to
produce a made-to-order range of light pink to red coloring." To see a
complete copy of Hightower's farmed salmon commentary, go to: http://www.jimhightower.com/air/read.asp?id=11266.
TOXICOLOGY PROGRAM REVIEW OF TOXICITY AND CARCINOGENECITY OF FISH FARM CHEMICAL
MALACHITE GREEN: The
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services' Public Health Service (PHS)
National Toxicology Program will hold a meeting of its Board of Scientific
Counselors' Technical Reports Review Subcommittee on 17-18 February in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. On the agenda for the meeting, and
what is of interest for fisheries, will be the review of the National
Toxicology Program technical report "Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies
of Malachite Green Chloride and Leucomalachite Green" (http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/docs/tr527/tr527Babs.pdf). The chemical malachite green is a
cheap dye routinely used as a fungicide and disinfectant on trout and salmon
eggs and is widely used in fish farm operations. It is a known carcinogen and
in recent months there have been numerous instances where traces of the
chemical have been found in farmed salmon.
A copy of the 3
December 2003Federal Register (Vol. 68, No. 232, pp. 67696-67697) notice for the
meeting is at: http://ntp-server.niehs.nih.gov/htdocs/liason/Feb2004TRRS_FR.html. Comments on any of the Draft NTP
Technical Reports are welcome. Persons registering to make comments are asked
to provide a written copy of their statement to the Executive Secretary on or
before 30 January 2004. The agenda and roster of the
Subcommittee members will be available prior to the meeting on the NTP homepage
at http://ntp-server.niehs.nih.gov (see What's New?) and upon request
to the NTP Executive Secretary, Dr. Barbara S. Shane, P.O. Box 12233, 111 T.W.
Alexander Dr., MD A3-01, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, Tel: (919) 541-4253,
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Following the meeting, summary minutes will be
available on the NTP website and in hard copy upon request to the Executive